All have a positive gradient in Q1. Figure 1: GDP (bold black), GDO (tan), and GDP+ (sky blue), all in bn.Ch.2017$ SAAR. GDP, GDO based on 2nd release. Small % at right are Q1 SAAR growth rates. Source: BEA, Philadelphia Fed, author’s calculations.Note that GDO for 2023Q4 is revised down, while my estimate for GDO for 2024Q1was too low (see this post); the level of GDO is 0.2 ppts above what I guessed.Final sales, a measure of aggregate demand, grew at 1.7% q/q SAAR.More By This Author:Employment And Business Cycle Indicators CPI And PCE Deflator Differential And DifferencesMonetary Policy Rates Around The World

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